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Home Study: Detrimental Association: An Epistemological Connection of Dysfunctio

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4. Detrimental Association: An Epistemological Connection of Dysfunction Within and Across Paradigms (Pages 138-151)

Jeffrey M. Warren and R. Rocco Cottone

The notion of common factors in counseling and psychotherapy theory is not new. This article contends that detrimental associations are the root of dysfunction and are common to all theories of counseling and psychotherapy. The article defines detrimental associations as organic or auxiliary connections formed by clients that lead to dysfunction. Associations deemed detrimental include a variety of aspects of a client’s life, depending upon the theoretical lens through which dysfunction is viewed. The article explores how detrimental associations are conceptualized by level and across theories and paradigms and discusses implications for professional counseling. Full Article